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Stupid Ruby Quoting Tricks

Let’s start with something easy.

Here’s the mirepoix

bar = "chicken"

You know single quotes and double quotes, right? These are our salt and pepper.

'frickin #{bar}' # => "frickin #{bar}"
"frickin #{bar}" # => "frickin chicken"

Have you seen %%q and %%Q?

%%q(frickin #{bar}) # => "frickin #{bar}"
%%Q(frickin #{bar}) # => "frickin chicken"
%%q{frickin #{bar}} # => "frickin #{bar}"
%%Q{frickin #{bar}} # => "frickin chicken"

You’ve also seen “”” (triple-quotes) right?

"""frickin #{bar}""" # => "fricken chicken"
"""frickin '#{bar}'""" # => "fricken 'chicken'"
"""frickin "#{bar}"""" # => "fricken "

UPDATE: As John points out in the comments, in addition to triple quotes there are also quintuple quotes, septuple quotes, and so forth. In fact, you can invent your own quoting operator for any odd number of quotes. (Just kidding.)

The truth is, singly and doubly-quoted object concatenate simply by juxtaposition!

"frickin " "chicken" # => "fricken chicken"
'frickin ' 'chicken' # => "fricken chicken"
"frickin " bar # => kabooom!
%%q{frickin } %%q{chicken} # => kablooey!
"""" #=> ""
"""frickin chicken" # => "frickin chicken"

Hokay. So that is all child’s play. These are the quoting operators for the big boys.

This is why Ruby’s Grammar is not Context-Free:

def foo(x)

  Your mom
# => "mom ruoY"

# => "amanaplanacanalpanama"

Even better:


Your mom
# => "mom ruoY"

You actually have to copy the above code into a ruby file and run it — it wont work in IRB.

  1. Ruby joins adjacent strings in the parser:

    “hello” “world” # => “helloworld”

    Your triple quotes aren’t actually an operator. They’re an empty string, followed by a string with some characters in it, followed by another empty string. :-)

    “” “frickin chicken” “”

    The last triple quote example is awesome: what looks like a variable interpolation is actually the beginning of a comment!

    “” “frickin ” #{bar}””””

  2. Ugh, bad indentation on the last example:

    “” “frickin chicken ” #{bar}””””

  3. Nick Kallen says:

    Ruby is neat.

  4. josh says:

    There’s also quoting in the %W syntax.

    fu = ‘jitsu’
    puts %w(kung-#{fu} ju-#{fu} ju #{fu}).join(“,”)
    puts %W(kung-#{fu} ju-#{fu} ju #{fu}).join(“,”)

    # => kung-#{fu},ju-#{fu},ju #{fu}
    # => kung-jitsu,ju-jitsu,ju jitsu

    just sayin’

  5. Ajit says:

    I have just gotten the hang of ruby and it’s all i code with now. Great tips, thanks. Your codes are quite flawless.

  6. Pat Maddox says:

    You put the “stupid” in stupid ruby quoting tricks

  7. You can also use the super-simple %() syntax:

    %(frickin #{bar}) #=> “frickin chicken”

  8. Ariel Caplan says:

    How did all the input “frickin”s become output “fricken”s?

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